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The singleton object is nothing but a single object for the class. The same object is returned even if a user tries to create multiple new objects. The class that allows creating a single object is called a singleton class.

In UVM, the uvm_root class has only one instance. Hence, it is said to be a singleton class.

Singleton Object Usage

A singleton object is useful wherever it is required to create a single object and want to restrict the user to create another object. For example, configuration classes can be written to behave as a singleton class.

Note: System Verilog and UVM do not have a separate construct to create a singleton object.

Singleton Object Example

In the below example, there are two handles for the same singleton component sc1 and sc2 and objects have been tried to create twice. But on creating an object using handle sc2, separate memory will not be allotted and sc2 handle points to a memory allocated using handle sc1.

`include "uvm_macros.svh"
import uvm_pkg::*;

class singleton_comp extends uvm_component;
  static singleton_comp s_comp;
  rand bit [7:0] addr;
  rand bit [7:0] data;
    `uvm_field_int(addr, UVM_ALL_ON)
    `uvm_field_int(data, UVM_ALL_ON)
  function new(string name = "singleton_comp", uvm_component parent = null);
    super.new(name, parent);
  static function singleton_comp create_singleton();
    if(s_comp == null) begin
      $display("creating new object as it found null");
      s_comp = new();
    else $display("object already exist, separate memory will not be allocated.");
    return s_comp;
  task run_phase(uvm_phase phase);

class base_test extends uvm_test;
  singleton_comp sc1, sc2;

  function new(string name = "base_test",uvm_component parent=null);
  endfunction : new

  function void build_phase(uvm_phase phase);

    // create singleton object
    sc1 = singleton_comp::create_singleton();
    `uvm_info(get_type_name, $sformatf("Printing sc1 = \n%s",sc1.sprint()), UVM_LOW);
    // Trying to create another object but it won't be created
    sc2 = singleton_comp::create_singleton();
    `uvm_info(get_type_name, $sformatf("Printing sc2 = \n%s",sc2.sprint()), UVM_LOW);
  endfunction : build_phase

module singleton_example;
  initial begin


creating new object as it found null
UVM_INFO testbench.sv(46) @ 0: uvm_test_top [base_test] Printing sc1 = 
Name            Type            Size  Value
singleton_comp  singleton_comp  -     @349 
  addr          integral        8     'h90 
  data          integral        8     'ha6 

object already exist, separate memory will not be allocated.
UVM_INFO testbench.sv(50) @ 0: uvm_test_top [base_test] Printing sc2 = 
Name            Type            Size  Value
singleton_comp  singleton_comp  -     @349 
  addr          integral        8     'h90 
  data          integral        8     'ha6